LIDO – Related standards

Go to “LIDO overview”

Here is an overview of standards and existing formats LIDO is based upon. Note that the LIDO schema supersedes both the CDWA Lite v1.1 schema and the museumdat v1.0 schema.


is an XML schema for encoding core records for works of art and material culture based on the data elements and guidelines in Categories for the Description of Works of Art (CDWA) and following the data content standard Cataloging Cultural Objects (CCO), provided by the J. Paul Getty Trust and ARTstor. It is intended as a low-barrier way to enable institutions to contribute their collections information to union catalogs using the Open Archives Initiatives Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI/PMH).


is an XML Schema provided by the Documentation Committee of the German Museums Association, which builds largely upon CDWA Lite, but overcomes its specific focus on art mainly by a reconfiguration of the CDWA Lite elements that takes into account the event-oriented multi-disciplinary approach of the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model.


is based on the UK and international standard for collections management with the same name from the Collections Trust. Spectrum provides a format for exchanging object records between different collections management systems and aggregating data.


provides definitions and a formal structure for describing the implicit and explicit concepts and relationships used in cultural heritage documentation. It is intended to be a common language for domain experts and implementers to formulate requirements for information systems and to serve as a guide for good practice of conceptual modeling. Work is carried out through the CIDOC-CRM Special Interest Group.